Cardiovascular diseases like high blood pressure, venous insufficiency, and stroke have become more prevalent in recent years in both children and adults. Healthy living is an integral part of enhancing your general well-being. Most patients with cardiovascular diseases experience different symptoms depending on the type of cardiovascular disease one may have. Symptoms may include rapid heartbeat, chest pain, shortness of breath, and leg ulcers. This medical condition affects people of all ages, but some may be at a higher risk compared to others. Thanks to cardiology in Land O Lakes services, patients with cardiovascular disease may benefit from various treatment methods.
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What are the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases?
High blood pressure
Your heart has a large workload when your blood pressure is higher than usual. High blood pressure may cause the heart muscles to thicken and become stiff. It may, in turn, cause the heart to function abnormally, putting you at risk for congestive heart failure, stroke, and heart attack. Most people with high blood pressure present no signs and symptoms. Fortunately, your doctor may detect high blood pressure during a routine medical check-up. If you have high blood pressure, your specialist may prescribe medications such as diuretics to help manage your condition.
People with a body mass index higher than usual are at risk of developing high blood pressure and diabetes, risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Your healthcare provider may help you work out your body mass index. Measuring your waist may also help in identifying overweight individuals. Weight-loss exercises may help obese people lose extra pounds and maintain a healthy body mass index. A dietician may also formulate a plan to help you eat healthily and avoid fatty foods that may cause weight gain. Losing weight lowers your risk of cardiovascular diseases like stroke and reduces your likelihood of developing back problems.
What and how much you eat directly affects your health and may increase or reduce your risk for cardiovascular diseases. Healthy foods such as vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, and fruits are suitable for your general well-being and improve your heart’s condition. Junk foods such as fries, salted crisps, pizza, and burritos are fat-saturated and may increase your chances of heart disease and stroke. Your doctor may also advise that you limit your intake of sweetened beverages such as sodas. Be keen to read product labels when purchasing food items to check for calories and contents. Observing a healthy diet can also help you maintain a healthy weight and make your skin glow.
Physical activity is an essential part of having a healthy and well-kept body. A physical therapist may help you create a program with exercise spread out through the week. An active lifestyle will help control blood cholesterol, sugar levels, high blood pressure, and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Most people that practice regular physical exercise have a healthy weight and a reduced risk for infections.
If you have further inquiries or need treatment for cardiovascular disease such as stroke, and arrhythmia, consult with your doctor at Advanced Heart & Vascular Associates.